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Kemenche by Sam Topalidis 

 

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Pontos, Black Sea Region Turkey travel guide

A travel guide of Turkey Black Sea Region (Antique Pontus Πόντος of Anatolia)

Turkey Travel guide, Turkey travel tips and photos

Turkey Travel tips, guide, photos

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World travel tips, guide, info, photo galleries

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Sinop city travel
Sinop travel
situated on a narrow peninsula at Turkey’s northernmost point, Sinop is like a Black Sea island with its good-natured people and streets where time passes slowly.

pontian greek Development of the Pontic Greek Dialect
Development of the Pontic Greek Dialect
Will Pontic Greek continue to be spoken? Bortone (2009) believes Pontic Greek spoken in the Pontos in Asia Minor today will probably disappear. The challenge is to keep the Pontic Greek dialect alive. The more recent work of researchers like Emeritus Professor Peter Mackridge, Assistant Professor Pietro Bortone, Dr Theofanis Malkidis, Ömer Asan, Dr Anthi Revithiadou and Dr Vassilios Spyropoulos have increased our knowledge of the dialect.


Time For to Discover the Black Sea Highlands

Time For to Discover the Black Sea Highlands

Discover the Black Sea highlands in September when time is suddenly rent by a blanket of fog or the cry of a vulture, and make the acquaintance of nature in its most beautiful aspect.

Greek settlements pontos map
Formation of the First Greek Settlements in the Pontos

According to Liddell and Scott’s An Intermediate Greek-English Lexicon, the word Pontos stands for the sea, especially the open sea. In time, the word Pontos became associated with the north-eastern portion of Asia Minor that borders the Black Sea (see Map 1).1 The Greeks first called the Black Sea, Aξεινος πóντος (inhospitable, unfriendly pontos), but later it was called Εϋξεινος πóντος (hospitable pontos) when they became aware of its wealth in the lands around it ...

Chrypto-christians Trabzon Pontos Matsouka

Crypto-Christians of the Trabzon Region of Pontos

The crypto-Christians (also called cryphi, klosti, Stavriotes, Kromledes) were Christian Greeks who due to the Muslim persecution against Christians publicly declared themselves Muslims. However, in secret, they upheld their Greek language, customs and Christian religious practices...

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Ayder. From the Ardeşen fork on, the Firtina River

 Kackars Wonderland in the clouds

Glacier lakes on one side, yellow rhododendrons on the other, the Kaçkars offer an inviting natural environment. Leaving Rize behind, we start our adventure through the Ayder, Lower Kavron and Upper Kavron Highlands 

Ilgaz
 
Ilgaz National Park ski center travel Turkey *for winter vacation



Even if you like it, snow in the city wears a person out. And if it catches the city unawares, it can mean some pretty tense and annoying days. Dense snowfall in a virgin, unspoiled natural environment in contrast, white as far as the eye can see, is not an ordeal but a pleasure. And Ilgaz, with its natural beauty and texture, can afford you that pleasure.

Gorele Kerasus Pontos images

 Gorele - Modern Coralla Kerasus Giresun

A misty green plateau recedes into the distance. The tinkle of goat bells mingles with the strains of a 'kemençe'. The local folk sway back and forth in native costume. This is Black Sea Giresun's 'Görele' and, as its name indicates, it's well worth seeing.

Imagine a lake secluded amidst pine trees in the foothills of the mountains... Another of the Black Sea's hidden treasures confronts me at Borçka. From there I head first to Macahel on the Georgian border with its natural beauty and beautiful people, and then to the endless valleys of Şavşat
 Smoky mountains and secluded lakes Borcka Savsat
Imagine a lake secluded amidst pine trees in the foothills of the mountains... Another of the Black Sea's hidden treasures confronts me at Borçka. From there I head first to Macahel on the Georgian border with its natural beauty and beautiful people, and then to the endless valleys of Şavşat 
turkey travel guide travel tips turkey

Travel Turkey

Turkey considered as the gateway between Europe and Asia is an Eurasian country located on the Mediterranean stretching across the Anatolian peninsula in southwest Asia and the Balkan region of southeastern Europe. It is bordered by the Black Sea, the Marmara Sea, the Aegean Sea and Mediterranean Sea.  Turkey is a fascinating country where many important civilizations have flourished since 9,000 BC. Turkey was home from the ancient Hittites, Persians, Macedonians, Romans, Byzantines to the Ottomans which have left behind them superb architectural, archaeological and historical heritage. Modern Turkey is a secular and democratic Moslem country, founded in 1920 by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, and from that time, Turkey has been suffering big changes and one of the most notable is its rapidly economic development. Despite of its traditional and Islam roots, Turkey is decidedly western oriented country and today is considered as a candidate to be part of the European Union, which will permit to the country grow up more.

Read More Travel Turkey

Istambul Travel Guide Istanbul Travel guide
Istanbul is often described as "the crossroads of Europe and Asia"...
Ankara Travel Guide Ankara Travel tips Ankara Travel guide
Ankara is a huge university town and you'll find the streets of Kizilay...
Izmir Travel Guide Izmir Travel tips Izmir Travel guide
The third largest, and one of the most beautiful provinces is Izmir...

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Travel Turkey,Travel tips Turkey
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Background Turkey
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Short History of Turkey
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Artvin travel 

Autumn in the south Rize province on the eastern Black Sea

Macahel Artvin: TURKEY'S NEXTDOOR NEIGHBOR GEORGIA

A Laz tradition: Hawking in Turkey’s East Black Sea region

Black Sea Cuisine, Pontos culinary and recipes

Pontic Mountains of Turkey: The Kaçkars travel tips and photos

Borçka – Şavşat, Macahel on the Georgian border

Highlands of Black Sea Regions

The Eastern Black Sea mountains travel tips and photos

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Trabzon travel tips, travel guide and Trabzon travel photos

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TRABZON TRAVEL GUIDE

TRABZON TRAVEL GUIDE

Sea, fish, colorful boats, nets and spectacular sunsets, each one the pith of everyday life in Faroz. And Yaroz Beach, where the lush green coast meets the Black Sea’s blue waters, is popular even on a sunny fall day. Detail of a door on Memişağa Mansion, four kilometers from Sürmene. This unique house on the shore is admired for its incomparable wood workmanship and stenciling.

Aiming for quality over quantity in tourism, Trabzon is showing signs of a major transformation, laying the foundation for sustainable tourism in an approach respectful of nature, history and essential values. There is a feverish hum of activity all over the city. The garden of the Ayasofya Museum has been given a new face and is now hosting violin recitals. The slopes of Trabzon Castle have been transformed into a colossal park. Renewal efforts around the city walls are continuing apace, and the Ortahisar Project is truly exciting. The quarter of Ortahisar, where Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent was born and raised, will be turned into an island of culture through the restoration of some 140 historic houses. Built over two tunnels dating back to the Byzantine period, the quarter boasts authentic examples of Ottoman architecture.

The Trabzon gentlemen promenading in their suits and pocket watches over nearby Zağnospaşa Bridge offer the first clues to the new life here. When long-time city guide Ömer Faruk Öğretmen explains how no one went to the city’s movie theaters without a tie in his childhood, we can’t help but wonder if history is repeating itself in Trabzon. Another key project undertaken to develop regional tourism is the Eastern Black Sea Master Plan. Through this project, tourists coming to the region will be able to travel easily from Samsun all the way to Batumi without ever having to come down to the coast road. Certain highlands along the way are going to be declared touristic centers and accommodation venues opened in a planned approach appropriate to the natural environment. Efforts to encourage at-home bed&breakfasts on the Uzungöl road have already been initiated as part of the project. Converting the Yakupağa Mansion and Alacahan caravanserai into boutique hotels is among the targets, and two five-star hotels are already on the way in line with the city’s tourism vision. A road sign project backed by the Eastern Black Sea Development Agency aims to coordinate the city’s key touristic sites.

Trabzon photographer Atila Alp Bölükbaşı, who says that the road sign project is going to turn the city into a giant tour park, adds that the region’s real beauty spots are hidden in the highlands. With their mountain lakes, wooden houses and numerous festivals held every year between June and September, the flower-rich Trabzon highlands are being transformed into a festival venue. A promotional push has already been launched to inform the world of the riches of Trabzon, which is poised to become Turkey’s center of alternative tourism in the near future. Tourism offices have been opened at the airport, in the city center and at Uzungöl and Maçka. Professionally compiled guidebooks are already being distributed free of charge. Effective promotional campaigns have been conducted at tourism fairs in Dubai, Riyadh, Moscow and Berlin. All these moves have already begun to bear fruit. The radical increase in the number of tourists coming to the city is striking. The number of comers from the Arab countries and Gulf states alone is expected to top sixty thousand by year’s end.

Trabzon has also launched a major drive for cruise ship tourism with at least 23 passenger ships expected to dock here in 2012. Trabzon is also a magnet for faith tourism. The Ottoman legacy of historic mosques and monasteries adds to the city’s attractiveness. The opening of Sumela Monastery for worship 88 years after it was closed down is just one of the factors enhancing the city’s trademark value. One of Turkey’s top four cities in terms of quality of life, Trabzon is at the same time a rising Olympic city. Having successfully hosted four thousand athletes from 49 countries last year in the European Youth Olympic Festival (EYOF), the city is gearing up for another giant sports event in 2014: the ISF World High School Handball Championship. Appropriately, Trabzon, whose name is like the word for banister in Turkish, is a city of terraces. And Boztepe at the top is reached by climbing a multitude of steps chock full of traces of the area’s diverse cultures. The magnificent meeting of the Black Sea’s blue with the dark red of the setting sun leaves a person awestruck by Trabzon. Like so many other beautiful things in this city…

Trabzon kent merkezi panoroma 

Trabzon is an old city on the Black Sea coast line, at the northeast corner of Türkiye. The population of the city is aproximately 480,000.

Our links about Trabzon travel 

PART 1: Imagined Empire
PART 2:
The Main Square
PART 3:
A Long Walk
PART 4:
Atatürk House
PART 5:
Bazaar District
PART 6:
Hagia Sophia
PART 7:
Boztepe
PART 8:
Rising Above
PART 9:
Lady of the Mountains
PART 10:
Obscure Monasteries
PART 11:
The Way to the Pass
PART 12:
Gümüşhane

While staying at Trabzon make sure you eat the local food, Akcaabat Köfte (meat ball) special cheese meat ball and Kara Lahana (black caggabe) soup. The Black Sea people love to eat fish, mainly, Hamsi (anchovy), they have more than 30 kinds of dishes made from Hamsi, including bread, baklava (the most famous Turkish dessert), omelette, rice and etc..... Trabzon is also famous for its bread "Trabzon ekmegi", not only at Trabzon, but all over the country.

TRABZON TRAVEL GUIDETRABZON TRAVEL GUIDETRABZON TRAVEL GUIDE

At the main square of the city, one can find buses to the famous Sumela Monastery at Maçka (50km SE) and the mountain village of Uzungöl, 70km (a lake) - you may feel like you are in an alpine village of Switzerland or Austria. In Uzungöl, there are lots of small hotels and fresh water fish restaurants. The lake is a landslide lake and the best view of the lake is in the afternoon looking west from a mountain on the east.
If you have time, go to Sultan Murat Yayla (a plateu), 30 km SW of the lake where the altitude is 2400m and there are no trees on the plateu due to the high altitude. But you will be mesmerized with view as I was. Sumela Monastery was built in a natural cavity at the edge of the cliff (see in the picture). The mountain is made of volcanic rocks, due to heavy rain in the area, there has been falling rocks onto the stucture and demages it. Some protection measures are being taken to protect it.
When you go to Maçka on the way back make sure you go/pass to the Zigana Tunnel (20km south of Maçka) on the Trabzon-Erzurum road. It is the longest and the highest tunnel in Turkey (2,000m). The road to the tunnel has the best scenery in the whole area, lots of forest and all kind of green colors, when you pass it you will be in a different country site, no trees what so ever!!!. The scenery is much better when you are coming down from the tunnel to Trabzon!! Also on the righthand side of the road 2-km from the tunnel make sure you stop at a small coffee shop and eat sütlac (rice pudding).

If you have time make sure go to East: Rize-Hopa and than to Artvin., to enjoy the scenery and dense forests. In the region, several different local languages are spoken, the most famous ones are; "Laz and Hemşince". Most of the Black Sea people can not pronounce the letter "g", "c" instead. So when they speak Turkish they sound funny!!!The area is famous for its music called "tulum", made of a goat skin, a special instrument, like a back pipe and "kemence" (a small knee type fiddle). "Horon" is their local dance. When the music starts everybody dances, fun to watch these guys/gals, the music has the same tones and never ends so do the dancers!!!

When you are in the area make sure you visit the Kackar Mountain, 90km East of Trabzon. You will follow Firtina River to reach the top (Ayder), the river is small but flows wildly. Kackar is the second highest peak (3,932m) in the country and always covered with snow. In the summer time, you may stay at Ayder Plateu near the Kackar top where you will find lots of small hotels and pansions and make sure that you eat mihlama in morning whereever you stay. It is a special cheese omlet, a local food. Make sure you stay at Ayder for minimum of two days, go to Asagi Kavrun (next to Kackar top, 17km east) and visit Zil Castle (10km south) nearby. There is a hot spring at Ayder where you can enjoy the Turkish Hamam. If you find a rigth tour guide, you may do a hiking tour south of Mountain to Yusufeli, but do not do it by yourself, you must have a tour quide. It is a 12 hour hike and you stay a small town south of the mountain at Barhal !!.I did the same trip back in 1998 and enjoyed it very much.

I did lots of field works as a field geologist for ARCO Internataional Oil and Gas company in 1998 and for Australian and Canadian mining companies between 2004-2005 in the area and wondered around the whole Eastern Black Sea, all the villages/roads and all the cities A-to-Z. The Eastern Black Sea is the most beatifull part, as far as the mountains and forests are concerned in Turkey
.


Trabzon ROAD MAP (Click to anlarge)

Trabzon Karayolları Haritası

Trabzon Google Map




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Greek Colonies in the East

Trabzon Greek language,

Uzungol lake travel

Eastern Black sea houses

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Maçka and Sumela monastery travel

Sümela Monastery

Kostaki Mansion - Museum of Trebizond

NATURE SPORTS IN KACKAR MOUNTAINS, TURKEY

Giresun TRAVEL TIPS

TURKEY TRAVEL TIPS:

 How to get there Gow to get t oTurkey?
How to get around in Turkey?
When to go to Turkey?
What to bring to Turkey?
What to read for Turkey travel?
Background Turkey
What to see in Turkey travel?
How to plan it?
Where to stay in Black Sea region Turkey travel?
Turkish language some usefull words in Turkey travel
Place names in turkey

More info
More about Turkish language
Job Search in Turkey
Short History of Turkey
The Communications in Turkey
Real Estate in Turkey
Insurance in Turkey
Ankara Travel guide
Istanbul hospitals and doctors
The currency used in Turkey, Turkish currency
Addresses & Phone numbers of Museums in Istanbul
Izmir Travel guide Izmir Travel tips







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