Turkish is the official language of Turkey
and one of the official languages of Cyprus. It
belongs to the Althay branch of the Ural-Altay
linguistic family, also know as Turkic
languages. The Ural-Altay linguistic family has
originated in the highlands around the Altay
Mountains of Central Asia at centuries ago. More
than 90 percent of the population of the country
spokes Turkish but there also some 70 other
languages and dialects that are also spoken,
including various dialects of Caucasian and
Kurdish as well as Arabic, Greek, Ladino and
The Turkish language comes to Turkey when nomads
from Altay Mountains came to Anatolian region
bringing their language with them. Ever since
very earliest times, Turkish has influenced
various dialects of Middle Persian, and turned
the Caucasus and Anatolia away from the
Indo-European group of languages.
During the Ottoman Empire the language was
expanded to the gates of Vienna and to Arabia,
Egypt and Northern Africa, hence, the language
and vocabulary has been influenced with words
from Arabic, Persian and European languages.
These imported words mostly (but not always)
follow the basic grammar and vowel harmony of
After the establishment of the Republic, Ataturk
impulsed reformations in the language and in
1928 was adopted a Latin based alphabet instead
of Arabic script. In 1932 was established the
Turkish Language Research Society in order to
simplify the language, today still active, but
with the name of Turkish Language Board and
among its responsibilities are the
simplification, enrichment and beautification of
the Turkish language.
Now the Turkish alphabet has 29 letters, 8 of
which are vowels and 21 are consonants. The
Turkish language is written phonetically which
means every letter is uttered while reading.
TURKEY TRAVEL TIPS:
to get there Gow to get t oTurkey?
get around in Turkey?
When to go to
bring to Turkey?
read for Turkey travel?
What to see
in Turkey travel?
How to plan
stay in Black Sea region Turkey travel?
some usefull words in Turkey travel
Search in Turkey
Short History of Turkey
The Communications in Turkey
Estate in Turkey