situated on a narrow peninsula at Turkey’s
northernmost point, Sinop is like a Black Sea
island with its good-natured people and streets
where time passes slowly.
Development of the Pontic Greek Dialect
Will Pontic Greek continue to be spoken? Bortone
(2009) believes Pontic Greek spoken in the
Pontos in Asia Minor today will probably
disappear. The challenge is to keep the Pontic
Greek dialect alive. The more recent work of
researchers like Emeritus Professor Peter
Mackridge, Assistant Professor Pietro Bortone,
Dr Theofanis Malkidis, Ömer Asan, Dr Anthi
Revithiadou and Dr Vassilios Spyropoulos have
increased our knowledge of the dialect.
Time For to Discover the Black Sea Highlands
Discover the Black Sea
highlands in September when time is suddenly
rent by a blanket of fog or the cry of a
vulture, and make the acquaintance of nature in
its most beautiful aspect.
Formation of the First Greek Settlements in the
According to Liddell and Scott’s An Intermediate
Greek-English Lexicon, the word Pontos stands
for the sea, especially the open sea. In time,
the word Pontos became associated with the
north-eastern portion of Asia Minor that borders
the Black Sea (see Map 1).1 The Greeks first
called the Black Sea, Aξεινος πóντος
(inhospitable, unfriendly pontos), but later it
was called Εϋξεινος πóντος (hospitable pontos)
when they became aware of its wealth in the
lands around it ...
Crypto-Christians of the Trabzon Region
The crypto-Christians (also called cryphi,
klosti, Stavriotes, Kromledes) were Christian
Greeks who due to the Muslim persecution against
Christians publicly declared themselves Muslims.
However, in secret, they upheld their Greek
language, customs and Christian religious
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Kackars Wonderland in the
lakes on one
National Park ski center travel Turkey *for
you like it, snow in the city wears a person
out. And if it catches the city unawares, it can
mean some pretty tense and annoying days. Dense
snowfall in a virgin, unspoiled natural
environment in contrast, white as far as the eye
can see, is not an ordeal but a pleasure. And
Ilgaz, with its natural beauty and texture, can
afford you that pleasure.
and, as its
Smoky mountains and secluded lakes Borcka
lake secluded amidst pine trees in the foothills
of the mountains... Another of the Black Sea's
hidden treasures confronts me at Borçka. From
there I head first to Macahel on the Georgian
border with its natural beauty and beautiful
people, and then to the endless valleys of
Turkey considered as the gateway between Europe
and Asia is an Eurasian country located on the
Mediterranean stretching across the Anatolian
peninsula in southwest Asia and the Balkan
region of southeastern Europe. It is bordered by
the Black Sea, the Marmara Sea, the Aegean Sea
and Mediterranean Sea. Turkey is a
fascinating country where many important
civilizations have flourished since 9,000 BC.
Turkey was home from the ancient Hittites,
Persians, Macedonians, Romans, Byzantines to the
Ottomans which have left behind them superb
architectural, archaeological and historical
heritage. Modern Turkey is a secular and
democratic Moslem country, founded in 1920 by
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, and from that time,
Turkey has been suffering big changes and one of
the most notable is its rapidly economic
development. Despite of its traditional and
Islam roots, Turkey is decidedly western
oriented country and today is considered as a
candidate to be part of the European Union,
which will permit to the country grow up more.
Istanbul Travel guide
Istanbul is often described as
"the crossroads of Europe and
TURKEY TRAVEL TIPS:
More about Turkish language
Job Search in Turkey
Short History of Turkey
The Communications in Turkey
Real Estate in Turkey
Insurance in Turkey
currency used in Turkey, Turkish currency
Istanbul hospitals and doctors
Folklore and Ethnographic materials
Old Postcards of Pontos
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From Karalahana Travel Forum
Autumn in the south Rize
province on the eastern Black Sea
Macahel Artvin: TURKEY'S
NEXTDOOR NEIGHBOR GEORGIA
A Laz tradition: Hawking in
Turkey’s East Black Sea region
Black Sea Cuisine, Pontos
culinary and recipes
Pontic Mountains of Turkey:
The Kaçkars travel tips and photos
Borçka – Şavşat, Macahel on
the Georgian border
Highlands of Black Sea
The Eastern Black Sea
mountains travel tips and photos
Gümüşhane travel tips,
Arygryopolis travel photos
Turkey's Black Sea Coast
travel, Pontos travel tips, photos and info
All about Pontic-Anatolian
Trabzon travel tips, travel
guide and Trabzon travel photos
Not very long ago on the geological time scale, the Anatolian
landmass started a slow and inexorable movement to the north. An
old, flat continent, part of which now forms southern Russia, stood
in its path; it caved in and sank under the pressure. The waters of
the Mediterranean rushed in over the Thracian Peninsula to fill up
the void, forming the great inland se a known as the
Pontus Euxinus of ancients.
A massive line of mountains-the Pontic Alps of
Turkey's northern coast-sprang up along the line of impact, forming
a natural wall that defines the southern rim of the sea.
The tectonic history accounts for several unusual features of the
sea and the lands that surround it. The Black Sea is a geographical
extension of the broad flatlands of eastern Europe, fully exposed
on its smooth, gently sloping northern (Balkan and Russian) side,
where the Danube, the Dnicpr and the Don bring in the waters of the
enormously wide and wet east European basin. This excess of water
creates a surface layer of very low salinity and a strong outflow
through the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles-the narrow straits which
connect the Black Sea with the Mediterranean. Underneath this thin
upper layer flushed out through the straits, the antediluvian waters
of the Black Sea lie undisturbed: they are saturated with the
noxious gases produced by the disintegration of the flora of
archaic times. and are
so salty that few forms of life subsist in them below a depth of 200
meters (650 feet).
Above the surface, northerly and westerly winds predominate. They
sweep over the sea, gathering moisture along the way until
intercepted by the great natural barrier of the Pontic Mountains.
That is where they deposit their load. The northern coast is bright
and sunny; Odessa and Yalta are quasi-Mediterranean sea resorts. The
south, by contrast, is more easily compared with the shores of
America's Pacific Northwest or southwestern Norway. The mountains
are almost permanently cloudy and receive immense amounts of rain.
Climate shapes the environment: nature runs amok; waterfalls and
wild streams burst out of every clearing in the forest; fence poles
take root and sprout leaves.
The Pontic Alps are young mountains, born at the same time as their
European namesakes, with contours that have not yet settled into the
placidity of geological middle age. They rise straight from the
seabed at a depth of over 2000 meters to an average height of 3000
meters within a short distance inland. They increase in height and
steepness in the east, where they press against the Caucasus Massif
in the north. At the eastern edge, the permanently
snow-capped peaks of the Tatos-Kaçkar Range soar to an altitude just
short of 4000 meters. The "elbow" formed between them and the
Caucasus enjoys the climate of a natural greenhouse. Temperatures
are moderate, but vegetation takes on the character of a
subtropical rain forest, with wild undergrowth, giant creepers and
mossy beards hanging from majestic trees. Warm climate products like
tea, citrus fruit and bananas grow in abundance.
This landscape is radically different from the sun-drenched maquis
and arid steppe that one usually associates with the rest of Turkey.
Except for the relatively
low middle section around Samsun. the Pontic Alps rarely allow the
humid winds to penetrate the Anatolian landmass and deliver the rain
that would otherwise green the interior. This is most strikingly
observed at any one of the eight road passes that cross the
mountains east of Samsun at altitudes of 2000 to 2600 meters each.
At the very top, the scenery changes abruptly from one of lush
abun¬dance into one more easily associated with the wastelands of
Inner Asia. This sudden transition constitutes one of the most
memorable images of any Black Sea Journey.
The transition also works in another
way: just as the mountains block the humid winds of the north, so
throughout the ages they have acted as a barrier against the
historical currents that affected the lands to the south. While
classical civilization flourished in the Mediterranean basin and
great cultures rose and fell in the Anatolian interior, the Black
Sea coast remained mostly untouched-an isolated and unique region
with its own separate history and distinct amalgam of people.
Ancient Anaolia Asia Minor and Pontos map
Black Sea houses
Greek Penetration of the Black Sea
Sumela monastery travel
NATURE SPORTS IN
KACKAR MOUNTAINS, TURKEY
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