Düzce travel guide
Duzce is just situated between Ankara and
Istanbul; Ankara is 240 kms away to
the East and Istanbul is 228 kms away to the West. The road of D-100 passes
through Duzce and TEM Highway passes around it.
Duzce is placed into the plateau of The West Blacksea coast. The city is
surrounded to the West by Sakarya, to the Northeast by Zonguldak and to the East
by Bolu. The distance from East to West is 23 kms and from North to South is 20
kms. It opens to the Black sea with the valley of Buyuk Melen on the Northwest.
Nearby are also some tourist centers and popular attractions such as Abant,
Kartalkaya, Yedigoller, Golcuk and Akcakoca.
As the climate, although the summers are hot and winters are cold, it changes
between the West Blacksea and Central Anatolian climates. Main agricultural
products in Duzce are: tobacco, maize wheat, nut and many kinds of wheat and
The geographical location of Duzce is very attractive for nature lovers and
adventure seekers. It has vast forestry area, plateaus, waterfalls, long
seashore, beaches, natural caves, rafting on Big Melen river, sailing, water
sports and fishing in the Lake of Hasanlar Dam, Efteni Lake with 150 kinds of
birds, and the Karduz Plateau which is covered with snow all year round.
Historical Konuralp is 8 kms away north of Duzce, first settlements there are
going back to 3rd century BC. Until 74 BC it was one of the most important
cities belonged to the Bytinia State, which included Bilecik, Bolu, Sakarya,
Kocaeli and it was conquered by Pontus and then by The Roman Empire. During The
Roman period the city was influenced by the Latin Culture and it changed its
name as Prussias and Hypium. Later on Christianity effected the city and after
the separation of The Roman Empire in 395 it was controlled by The Eastern Roman
Empire (Byzantine Empire).
Konuralp Bey, one of
Osman Gazi's commanders, was ordered to conquer Duzce and
its surroundings to the Ottoman Lands. In the 14th century he captured Duzbazaar
(Duzce) and Roman Prusias after a battle against the Byzantines. The first
Ottoman administrators in Duzce were Konuralp Bey, Sungur Bey, Semsi Bey and
Gunduz Alp. During the late 16th century villagers choose this location as a
market place and thatís why it was called Duzce Bazaar in the centre of the
During the Ottoman Empire Duzce provided the timber of the Navy and it became an
important centre of transportation between Istanbul and the Eastern cities such
as Sivas and Erzurum. At the 18th and 19th centuries the tradesmen took the
control of Duzce and commerce flourished.
At the period of Abdulaziz and Abdulmecit
sultans, immigrants from Caucasus,
East Black Sea, East of Anatolia and The Balkans increased the population of Duzce. The government provided them free land. Those who came from other places
called the names where they inhabited from: Caucasus, Abhaz, Laz, Georgian,
Hemsin, Batum, Hopa, Tatar, Bosnak, Albanian, Bulgarian etc. Especially thanks
to the Armenians and the Greek who settled down in Duzce and started to trade,
the town had a lively life; it had 137 villages and 66618 homes with the
population of 36088 at the times of Abdulmecit II.
After the Republic the city had a great development on Industry and Trade.
Because it is near to the big cities, ports and natural resources, easy
transportation, natural beauties and social structure makes it too attractive
for the investment. Duzce is one of the most developed cities on industry in
Turkey. Especially it is famous for timber and sports and hunting guns to the
World. Today main economic sectors are; forestry production, automotive parts,
textile, hunting and sports guns, cement, pharmaceutical products, nuts and
tobacco. There are about 100 factories working in this sectors such as timber
plants, milk product plants, animal food plants, flour plants, food and packing
plants etc. Not to disregard agriculture as well.
It was hit by the 1944 Duzce Earthquake, 1957 Abant Earthquake, 1967 Adapazari
Earthquake, and in 1999 it was destroyed by the 17th August Izmit Earthquake. In
the end it was demolished too badly by another earthquake on 12th of November 99
at 18:57. The magnitude of the earthquake was 7.2 (Richter Scale), lasted for 30
seconds, killing 845 people and injuring over 5.000. After this it's recognized
as the 81st city of Turkey with the agreement of the Council Of Ministers so
that Duzce could get over its damages with the Governmental aid.
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